The surest way you can improve your fuel cost problem is to change your motoring habits. Listed below under four categories are some effective methods of doing so.
1. Avoid prolonged warming up of engine, even on cold mornings – 30 to 45 seconds is plenty of time.
2. Do not start and stop the engine needlessly. Idling your engine for one minute consumes the gas amount equivalent to when you start the engine.
3. Avoid "reving" the engine, especially just before you switch the engine off; this wastes fuel needlessly and washes oil down from the inside cylinder walls, owing to loss of oil pressure.
4. Eliminate jack-rabbit starts. Accelerate slowly when starting from dead stop. Do not push pedal down more than 1/4 of the total foot travel. This allows the carburetor to function at peak efficiency.
5. Buy gasoline during the coolest time of day – early morning or late evening is best. During these times gasoline is densest. Keep in mind that gas pumps measure volumes of gasoline, not densities of fuel concentration. You are charged according to "volume of measurement".
6. Choose type and brand of gasoline carefully. Certain brands provide you with greater economy because of better quality. Use the brands that "seem" most beneficial.
7. Avoid filling the gas tank to the top. Overfilling results in sloshing over and out of the tank. Never fill gas tank past the first "click" of fuel nozzle, if nozzle is automatic.
8. Exceeding 40 miles per hour (mph) forces your automobile to overcome tremendous wind resistance.
9. Never exceed the legal speed limit. Primarily, they are set for your traveling safety. However, better gas efficiency also occurs. Traveling at 55 mph gives you up to 21% better mileage when compared to former legal speed limits of 65 mph and 70 mph.
10. Traveling at fast rates in low gears can consume up to 45% more fuel than is needed.
11. Keep windows closed when traveling at highway speeds. Open windows cause air drag, reducing your mileage by 10%.
12. Drive steadily. Slowing down or speeding up wastes fuel. Also, avoid tailgating – the driver in front of you is unpredictable. Not only is it unsafe, but if also affects your economy, if he slows down unexpectedly.
13. Think ahead when approaching hills. If you accelerate, do it before you reach the hill, not while you are on it.
14. Do not rest left foot on floor board pedals while driving. The slightest pressure puts "mechanical drag" on components, wearing them down prematurely. This "dragging" also demands additional fuel usage.
15. Avoid rough roads whenever possible, because dirt or gravel rob you of up to 30% of your gas mileage.
16. Use alternate roads when safer, shorter, and straighter. Compare traveling distance differences – remember that corners, curves, and lane jumping requires extra gas. The shortest distance between two points is always straight.
17. Stoplights are usually timed for your motoring advantage. By traveling steadily at the legal speed limit, you boost your chances of having the "green light" all the way.
18. Automatic transmissions should be allowed to cool down when your car is idling at a standstill, e.g. railroad crossings, long traffic lights, etc. Place gear into neutral position. This reduces transmission strain and allows transmission to cool.
19. Park your car so that you can later begin to travel in forward gear; avoid reverse gear maneuvers to save gas.
20. Special attention should be given to maintaining clean air filters. Diminished air flow increases gas waste.
21. Inspect suspension and chassis parts for occasional misalignment. Bent wheels, axles, bad shocks, broken springs, etc. create engine drag and are unsafe at high traveling speeds.
22. Remove snow tires during good weather seasons; traveling on deep tire tread really robs fuel!
23. Inflate all tires to maximum limit. Each tire should be periodically spun, balanced, and checked for out-of-round. When shopping for new tires, get large diameter tires for rear wheels. Radial designs are the recognized fuel-savers. Check manufacturer's specifications for maximum tire pressures.
27. Auto air conditioners can reduce fuel economy by 10% to 20%. Heater fan and power windows and seats increase engine load; the more load on your engine, the less miles per gallon (mpg).
28. Remove excess weight from trunk or inside of car – extra tires, back seats, unnecessary heavy parts. Extra weight reduces mileage, especially when driving up inclines.
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